Charlemagne

   His coronation as emperor by Pope Leo III (qq.v.) at Rome (q.v.) on 25 December 800 provoked a major crisis with Byzantium (q.v.). There could be only one emperor; this everyone agreed upon. Thus, in Byzantine eyes Charlemagne was a usurper. In western eyes, he appeared differently. In 800 Irene (q.v.) sat on the throne of Byzantium, in contradiction to previous tradition that a woman could not hold sole imperial power. In effect, it could be argued that the throne was theoretically vacant. Moreover, Irene had come to power by blinding her son, Constantine VI (q.v.). Irene's support of icon (q.v.) veneration was attacked in the Libri Carolini (Books of Charles), issued ca. 793 by Charles's advisors to attack the Council of Nicaea (q.v.) of 787. Despite these justifications, Charlemagne attempted to improve his position by proposing marriage to Irene, but Irene was overthrown and exiled in 802 by Nikephoros I (q.v.). Years of negotiations followed, until in 812 Charlemagne was granted the imperial title, though the Byzantines considered him emperor of the Franks (q.v.), not emperor of the Romans.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CHARLEMAGNE — Le plus prestigieux des souverains de la seconde dynastie franque, à qui il a donné son nom («Carolingiens»), poursuivit la politique d’expansion du royaume inaugurée par ses prédécesseurs et se trouva, vers la fin du VIIIe siècle, à la tête d’un …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charlemagne — • Biography of the emperor covering his political, military, and religious entanglements Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Charlemagne     Charlemagne      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Charlemagne — ist der Name von: Karl der Große (englische und französische Bezeichnung, 747/748 814), König des Fränkischen Reiches und römischer Kaiser Charlemagne ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adolf Jossiffowitsch Charlemagne (1826 1901),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CHARLEMAGNE° — (742–814), king of the Franks from 768, emperor of the West from 800. Charlemagne was well disposed toward the Jews. A Jew, isaac , was a member (probably interpreter) of the delegation he sent to the caliph Harun al Rashid. He was the only one… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Charlemagne — Le nom est assez courant dans le Nord Pas de Calais. Variantes : Charlemaigne, Charlemain, Charlemaine, Charlemein et sans doute Charlemoine (nom porté dans l Orne). Lié au célèbre empereur (= Charles le grand), ce devrait être un surnom ironique …   Noms de famille

  • Charlemagne — (fr., spr. Scharlmanje), Karl der Große …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Charlemagne — (franz., spr. scharl mánnj ), franz. Name für Karl den Großen (lat. Carolus Magnus) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Charlemagne — (frz., spr. scharl mánnj), Karl der Große …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Charlemagne —   [ʃarlə maɲ], französischer Name Karls des Grossen.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Charlemagne — king of the Franks (742 814), lit. Carl the Great, from French form of M.L. Carolus Magnus (see CHARLES (Cf. Charles) + MAGNUS (Cf. Magnus)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Charlemagne — [shär′lə mān΄] A.D. 742 814; king of the Franks (768 814): emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (800 814): also called Charles I or Charles the Great …   English World dictionary

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